Sri Mohan Krity Aarsh Patrakam (SMKAP) in Hindi and its abridged version, Reformed Sanathan Calendar (RSC) in English and Tamil are modest efforts, since about a decade, to correct the derailed Hindu Calendar/Panchang.
After long struggle, Hindu Dharma Acharyashave started feeling the necessity for a change inthe present ‘niradhar’ system. You my gauge this from their words:
“You have formulated the Tithi Patrak and Calendar strictly on the basis of Vedas, Puranas and Siddhantas and the Dwaraka Mutt feels that every Hindu in the country would be enriched culturally and spiritually by following it. H.H Dwaraka Acharya of the past had exhorted 120 years ago, that religious festivals and fasts should be observed on the basis of Sayana only and the Mutt’s affirmation of this stands for ever” says H.H Jagatguru Sri Swarupananda Saraswathi Maharaj
SMKATP & RSC have shown “a way for the Hindu Community and especially to the publishers and authors of Panchangas to mull over the facts and factors presented in this Panchang. A time has come for the elite to revamp the presentday almanacs in tune with Vedic injunctions, H.H Jagtguru Sri Jayendra Saraswathi Swamigal of Kanchi Mutt, had said.
H.H Gangadharendra Saraswathi Swamiji of Shri Sonda Swarnavalli Mutt is “also of the opinion that our present day panchangas have to be modified to fall in line with the sayana system, at least for religious purposes. The Mutt will “always support your efforts at adding glory to the spiritual life of the people of Bharat.”
HINDU CALENDR IS ALWAYS RITU BASED
The two equinoxes and two solstices are the four distinct positions the earth passes through during its annual cycle around the sun. And they define our seasons. The two equinoxes come in the middle of the Ritus, namely Vsanth and Sharad. The complete Vedic zodiac and the true positions of 28 nakshatras are presented in the year chart.
We earthlings are conditioned by the seasons on this planet. The vernal equinox (March 20 in 2016) is the direction in the sky where the sun appears to cross the celestial equator moving northward. From the vernal equinox, the sun continues to climb higher in the sky every day towards the summer solstice (June 21), when it reaches the farthest north, its declination touching 23.45 degrees. After the summer solstice, the sun sinks lower each day in the sky until the autumnal equinox (Sept 22 in 2016) the point where it again crosses the celestial equator moving southward. Near winter solstice (December 21) the sun reaches its lowest position in the sky where its declination on the celestial sphere is minus 23.45 degrees (For those in the southern hemisphere, the summer and winter solstice will be reversed)
All four Vedas, Purnas, Shastras and Siddhantas go by the seasonal (ritu based) year which is pegged to the four cardinal points as above. While the whole word is practically following the Vedic system of seasonal calendars, it is distressing to find only Hindus are not tuned to it. (Read the article on wrong calendars and you be the judge)
We continue follow the wrong path well over fourteen centuries now despite the caution bythe Government of India’s 1952 Calendar Reforms Committee that our calendar makers following the nirayana system are “actually committing the whole Hindu society to Adharama.”
We bank on the young and educated youth of this Vedic land to understand this and help in the task of re-aligning India’s cosmic clock on its original moorings.